Online Degree Programs in Mental Health Counseling

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Be a Lifeline for Troubled Minds

As movements to destigmatize mental health issues gain ground and increased insurance coverage makes healthcare services more accessible, more people are comfortable seeking counseling. Mental health counselors help others understand and cope with stresses or disorders, either directly by conducting counseling sessions, or indirectly through research and education. Read on to learn more about online mental health counseling degree programs and the careers to which they can lead.

Best Online Degrees in Mental Health Counseling

Completing an online degree program in mental health counseling is an important first step to achieving a career in the counseling field. Students will progress through a curriculum designed to develop skills in aiding individuals suffering from stress and mental disorders, all in a convenient online format that makes learning as accessible as possible. We’ve looked into the programs offered around the country and put together a ranked list, basing our findings on factors such as overall tuition cost, class size, and available student services. Check below to find our list of the best online mental health counseling programs for 2017.

RankUniversity Name Score Net Price Financial aid percent Online Programs Aavailable Student-Teacher RatioGrad RateUniversity Information Credit for Experience Placement Services Counseling Services
1Prescott College Score99.78
Net Price
Financial aid %90%
#Online programs3
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate45%

Prescott College is home to a unique equine-assisted mental health program that incorporates horse therapy into mental health services like psychotherapy. The school states that the program, which results in a graduate and post-MA certificate, is the leader in its academic field in North America. The program builds 15 specialized credits onto the master of science in counseling degree. Although the comprehensive, interdisciplinary program offers students a wide selection of resources, prior experience with horses is required to participate. The program includes four, four-day intensives, each of which is applicable to one of the programs four core courses.

Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesNo Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
2Canisius College Score98.80
Net Price
Financial aid %99%
#Online programs2
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate68%

Graduate students can pursue a master's degree in clinical mental health counseling through the School of Education and Human Services at Canisius College. Graduates will have satisfied the requirements of the New York State License in Mental Health Counseling, and will prepared for careers in the fields of substance abuse treatment, veterans affairs, mental health and youth support. Graduates may enter private practice or work in college counseling centers, and it's likely that they'll work with some of the same people and groups as social workers, psychiatrists and psychologists. There is also a track that combines school counseling and clinical mental health.

Credit for ExperienceNo Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
3Medaille College Score97.21
Net Price
Financial aid %77%
#Online programs2
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate45%

Students at Medaille College can earn an advanced certificate in clinical mental health counseling. There are several formats available, including online, on campus or a hybrid combination of the two. The program, which is accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs, is designed specifically for students who already have a master's degree in a relevant field and are working toward licensure in mental health counseling. Those who complete the program will be ready to sit for the NY state licensure exam before pursuing careers as college counselors, therapists in hospitals, or drug and alcohol program clinicians.

Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
4Nova Southeastern University Score96.99
Net Price
Financial aid %94%
#Online programs2
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate42%

Both current and prospective counselors are welcome to participate in the Nova Southeastern University master of science in mental health counseling degree program. Graduates will be prepared to confront issues like divorce, family violence, substance abuse, emotional problems and aging. The program is open to both traditional, on-campus students and distance learners. Those who pursue the program online will use the Blackboard learning management system. The program culminates in a practicum and internship, which counselor-trainees use to solidify their academic journeys by translating classroom theory into hands-on practice. Every student will be continually evaluated, whether they study on campus or online.

Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesNo Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
5Adams State University Score96.53
Net Price
Financial aid %70%
#Online programs1
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate25%

Students who complete the clinical mental health master of arts degree program at Adams State University will have satisfied one-third of the requirements on the path to becoming licensed as professional counselors in the state of Colorado. Graduates will be equipped with both diagnostic and intervention skills, and can work in varied settings including residential treatment facilities, mental health clinics, correctional facilities and hospitals. They may also work in social services or enter private practice. Students will only begin to specialize when they begin the internship portion of the program, which will be specific to their chosen concentration.

Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
6University of Northern Colorado Score96.41
Net Price
Financial aid %79%
#Online programs1
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate45%

Students seeking to change careers, or to advance in their current field, can pursue the clinical mental health counseling master of arts program at the University of Northern Colorado. Courses for the intensive experience are available on weekends to accommodate for varied schedules. The program is accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Education Programs, which means that those who graduate will be eligible for status as nationally certified counselors. Graduates may work as licensed marriage and family therapists, or pursue careers in residential treatment centers or mental health care centers.

Credit for ExperienceNo Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
7Chadron State College Score96.29
Net Price
Financial aid %66%
#Online programs1
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate42%

Candidates for the Chadron State College master of arts in education with a clinical mental health counseling concentration are not required to have a teaching degree. They are, however, required to have an accredited bachelor's degree, and they must appear on campus at least some of the time since part of the coursework is not available online. Prospective students must first complete both an orientation and a candidate-assessment interview with the faculty. Some students may be accepted into one of a limited number of graduate assistantship opportunities, which come with a stipend for a 20-hour work week and a partial tuition waiver.

Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
8University of the Southwest Score95.63
Net Price
Financial aid %98%
#Online programs1
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate22%

The master of science in education degree offered by the University of the Southwest satisfies all courses required for licensure in New Mexico, as well as several other states. Students, who will receive a temporary license upon graduation, can follow one of two tracks, a 48-hour program or a 60-hour program, depending on the requirements of their home state. The graduate program, which is delivered through the School of Education, prepares students for careers as counselors according to the definition of the American Counseling Association. Graduates will be prepared to counsel a diverse range of groups and individuals, both children and adults.

Credit for ExperienceNo Placement ServicesNo Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
9Liberty University Score95.22
Net Price
Financial aid %78%
#Online programs2
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate46%

The graduate-level clinical mental health program at Liberty University is a residential experience that results in a master of arts degree. Students will experience practica and internships, and will emerge from the program prepared to serve a diverse population with holistic wellness services. Some graduates may pursue careers in faith-based counseling, while others may work for mental health agencies or enter private or public practice. The program is recognized by an independent accreditation agency affiliated with the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. Residential students are assigned advisors based on their program selection, and online students are paired with an advisor through Blackboard.

Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
10University of Louisiana at Monroe Score95.13
Net Price
Financial aid %56%
#Online programs1
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate37%

The master of science in counseling degree at the University of Louisiana at Monroe is delivered with a concentration in clinical mental health counseling. Graduates will possess a unique degree that qualifies them to work in virtually any field or industry involving people. Potential career opportunities are as diverse as art therapist, group facilitator, human resources specialist, addiction counselor and play therapist. The program, which is accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs through 2020, prepares students to qualify to take licensing examinations that are required by several state counseling boards across the country.

Credit for ExperienceNo Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
11Wright State University-Main Campus Score94.78
Net Price
Financial aid %67%
#Online programs1
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate40%
Credit for ExperienceNo Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
12Mercy College Score94.24
Net Price
Financial aid %88%
#Online programs1
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate34%
Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
13Grace College and Theological Seminary Score94.20
Net Price
Financial aid %90%
#Online programs1
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate58%
Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
14Union Institute & University Score93.91
Net Price
Financial aid %15%
#Online programs2
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate27%
Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesNo Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
15Mid-America Christian University Score93.31
Net Price
Financial aid %20%
#Online programs2
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate34%
Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesNo Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
16Southern New Hampshire University Score92.92
Net Price
Financial aid %71%
#Online programs2
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate59%
Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less
17Lamar University Score92.41
Net Price
Financial aid %20%
#Online programs1
Student-Teacher Ratio
Grad Rate32%
Credit for ExperienceYes Placement ServicesYes Counseling ServicesYes Read More Read Less

Mental Health Counselors: Milestone Map

Torn between a desire to help people and a passion for studying the science of the brain, one researcher found the perfect combination with a career in mental health counseling.

Bachelor’s Degree

Majors in psychology, minors in communications

Master’s Degree

Obtains master’s in mental health counseling

Work Experience

Takes job at elder care facility working with dementia patients


Earns online PhD in mental health counseling, specializing in gerontology

Professional Research

Conducts several studies on impact of nutrition and lifestyle on dementia


Partners with national clinic to create dementia outreach program.

Mental Health Counseling Degree Programs:
The Online Experience

Most positions in mental health counseling require advanced degrees, which can mean large time investments. Earning a mental health counseling degree online helps ease that burden by providing students with the flexibility to earn their master’s degrees, post-master’s certificates and doctorates when and where it’s convenient for them. This is ideal for practicing counselors who see clients during the day; who don’t live near an institution with a mental health counseling program that suits their needs; or who have other obligations that require a flexible education schedule. Online mental health counseling degree programs may also appeal to students who want to meet the licensure requirements of a state other than the one in which they live, as many programs are built around local licensure needs.

Accredited mental health counseling degree programs offered online often follow the same curricula as on-campus programs, so online students receive the same education as their peers who attend in person, but with added convenience. Students use various learning tools and platforms to access course materials, complete assignments and communicate with classmates and instructors. While many online programs let students log in and do coursework at any time, some may require online group chats or video conferences at specific times. Students may also have to complete a residency during their program. This typically entails going to the program’s physical campus to take a few hands-on classes, so students who are unable to travel to campus should avoid programs with residency requirements. However, students should expect a certain amount of in-person work. Licensure and certification for mental health counselors requires both supervised and unsupervised clinical experience, so it’s common for mental health counseling degree programs to have internships or practicums built into their curricula. For these, students typically gain hands-on experience at a mental health counseling facility approved by the school.

Degree Types in Mental Health Counseling

Very few mental health counseling degrees are offered at the baccalaureate level; instead, students typically pursue their education at the master’s level and beyond. Below are some various degree options students can check out to see what suits their educational and professional needs.

  • Master’s
    (2 years)
  • Doctorate
    (3-6 years)
  • Education Specialist
    (2-4 years)
  • Post-Master’s Certificate
    (1 year)

Prospective mental health counseling master’s students can choose from a few different online degree program options. The Master of Arts, Master of Science, and Master of Education programs all have slightly different focuses, to suit varying interests and needs.

A Master of Science in mental health counseling is a good option for students who wish to do psychological research as part of their careers. For example, prospective MS students may have a bachelor’s degree in psychology and want to further their studies through a mental health counseling program. Students can expect to gain knowledge in multicultural issues, ethics, and research skills and theories, along with hands-on experience through practicums or internships. A master’s thesis may also be required.

An online Master of Arts program in mental health counseling is similar, but designed for students of all academic backgrounds. Students may or may not have an interest in becoming licensed practitioners. Core classes may focus less on psychological research, but MA students still can expect to learn many of the same things as MS students – social justice, clinical practice, diagnosis and human development – and may also have to complete a master’s thesis.

Master of Education programs are targeted to those who want to become licensed mental health practitioners. While MEd programs are founded on research-based content, students are less likely to engage in research projects and more likely to focus on hands-on, professional experience. These programs may suit students who wish to practice mental health counseling in an educational institution. A thesis or portfolio may be required for graduation.

Doctoral degrees are for students who want to leverage their master’s degree in mental health counseling or a related field into an advanced professional education. Since doctoral programs are generally designed for practicing mental health counselors, admission often requires that students are hold state licensure.

Online students whose doctoral program is outside their resident state should check to see if they need to be eligible for licensure in the program’s state as well. Students can pursue either a PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) or an EdD (Doctor of Education) in mental health counseling. Those who are interested in scholarly, research-based pursuits may be better suited to the former route, typically undertaken by students who want to go into academia. Those who want to enhance their real-world professional skills, perhaps to take on leadership roles within a mental health organization, may be more interested in EdD programs.

An education specialist degree in mental health counseling is a good option for those who wish to build on a master’s degree without jumping into a doctoral program. EdS degrees are a midway point between master’s and doctoral degrees, allowing students to gain practical, in-depth knowledge in a specialized area. Unlike doctorates, education specialist degrees usually do not require students to complete a dissertation. EdS degrees are typically terminal, and not designed to segue into a doctorate program. However, if students decide to pursue doctoral degrees later on, some of their EdS classes may transfer. Online mental health counseling EdS programs usually require between 30 and 60 credit hours, so completion time can vary greatly.

Online post-master’s certificates can augment a student’s education in a couple of different ways. Some PMC programs provide training in a mental health specialization, helping practicing mental health counselors stand out to potential employers and clients. Often these types of certificates require that students be eligible for licensure before applying to the program. Other PMC programs aim to make students eligible for licensure. Many states require licensure applicants to complete a 60-credit hour master’s degree program in mental health counseling; those who have graduated from a program with fewer required credits can pursue a post-master’s certificate to get the extra credits needed to apply for licensure. Since PMC programs are typically comprised of 12-15 units, students can usually earn their certificates in about a year.

Common Online Mental Health Counseling Courses

Online mental health counseling courses can vary greatly depending on the degree level or specialization sought, but no matter which route they choose, students can expect to get a solid grounding in the theories of counseling and current issues impacting the field. Some common courses include:

Multicultural issues

Students examine human diversity and cultural issues, especially as they relate to mental health counseling. They learn about social and cultural forces that impact individuals and how to address these issues with clients.

Professional ethics

The course addresses potential moral conflicts or tensions that mental health counselors commonly face, looking at the legal and ethical consequences of their decisions and reviewing ethical standards developed by various counseling organizations.

Research methods

Students hone their knowledge of mental health research methods, including quantitative and qualitative methods of gathering data, and use of statistics for analysis.

Human growth and development

This course focuses on mental health needs during various life stages. Students will learn about the stages of human development and how they factor into diagnosis and treatment.


Students gain hands-on mental health counseling experience, often in a clinical environment. They complete both supervised and unsupervised hours to help meet licensure requirements.

Choosing an Online Counseling Degree Program

When choosing an online mental health counseling program, students can make things easier by identifying the most important factors to them and then making comparisons among programs. Here are some things prospective mental health counseling students can consider when narrowing their options:

  • Determine which degree level suits your purposes, and make sure the school offers it at a time that works with your schedule.
  • If becoming a licensed counselor is your goal, make sure the academic program meets state licensure requirements.
  • Make sure you meet academic prerequisites, such as a minimum GPA, as well as any professional requirements, like a specified number of clinical hours or years of professional experience.
  • Ensure that the school and program are accredited.
  • Visit target schools, speak with admissions representatives, and seek opinions from current or former students in the program to gain a first-hand perspective.
  • Be aware of any in-person internship or practicum requirements, and be sure you can meet them.
  • See what kinds of support services, like career placement or tech support, the school offers to online students.
  • Check out the school’s financial aid options and see whether you qualify for them.
  • Be sure you can afford the program’s tuition and fees.

Mental Health Counseling Program Accreditation

While an optional process, accreditation is particularly important in mental health counseling programs. Students must attend accredited institutions to qualify for federal financial aid, and enrollment in many post-master’s degree programs requires a master’s degree from an accredited institution. Furthermore, the National Board for Certified Counselors states that graduates looking to become National Certified Counselors need to have earned their master’s degrees from accredited institutions.

Accreditation for mental health counseling programs is usually provided by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP), while institutional accreditation is conferred by one of six regional accrediting bodies. Prospective students can learn more about accreditation with this comprehensive accreditation guide, or can check out our main counseling degree page to get information on accredited counseling degree programs.

Enrollment Steps:
Master’s in Mental Health Counseling

Preparing for an online master’s degree in mental health counseling can be daunting, but being mindful of important tasks and deadlines can help students start their degree program smoothly. Making a checklist is a useful way to make sure all application deadlines and requirements are met. Below is an example schedule for a prospective mental health counseling master’s student.

Time Before Program Start Date
Step 1

Earn bachelor’s degree

1 year, 3 months
Step 2

Research state licensure requirements and according degree programs

13 months
Step 3

Request recommendation letters and transcripts, and write personal essay

12 months
Step 4

Apply to desired master’s program(s)

11 months

Step 5

Complete FAFSA®, apply for and secure financial aid such as grants, loans and scholarships

9 months

Along with keeping track of significant dates, students can take additional preparatory steps to improve their applications and chances of admission. Some things to consider are:

  • Get acquainted with the types of people you hope to work with by volunteering at a relevant organization, like a foster home or elder care facility.
  • Join a professional organization that focuses on your area of interest, especially if you plan on specializing in a certain aspect of mental health counseling.
  • Even if it’s not your major, take a psychology class or two during your undergraduate years.
  • Research organizations that you can approach when it comes time to do a required internship. Many schools have established partnerships with local organizations, but distance learners may have to put in extra effort to find an internship nearby.

Mental Health Counseling: Job Prospects & Salaries

Mental health counseling degrees can lead to a variety of careers, both in mental health and in related counseling fields. Most careers involve relating to people to help them cope with problems affecting their mental health, but the specific types of aid, areas of specialization, and work settings have a wide range.

Job prospects for mental health counselors are very good, with a projected increase of 20 percent between 2014 and 2024. People who earn an online degree in mental health counseling but choose a related career field, like social work, psychology or substance abuse counseling, will likely find favorable markets as well.

Career National Job Growth(2014-2024) National Median Annual Salary (2014) Minimum Education
Mental Health Counselors 20% $40,850 Master’s Degree
Rehabilitation Counselors 9% $34,380 Master’s Degree
Social Workers 12% $45,500 Bachelor’s Degree
Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 22% $39,270 Bachelor’s Degree
Psychologists 19% $70,700 Doctoral Degree

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

State Licensure & Counseling Certifications

In order to become a practicing mental health counselor, graduates of online mental health counseling degree programs must be licensed by the state in which they practice. Additional certifications are optional; they may help prospective mental health counselors gain licensure, and are also a good way for counselors to stand out to employers and clients. Most counseling certifications and licensing examinations are provided by the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC).

Getting Licensed as a Mental Health Counselor

Licensure requirements for professional mental health counselors vary by state, but all follow some basic regulations. Those applying for licensure must have a master’s degree, counseling experience, and a passing score on either the National Counselor Examination for Licensure and Certification (NCE) or the National Clinical Mental Health Counseling Examination (NCMHCE). Students should check with their state board to determine specific requirements. Also, students attending programs in states outside the one in which they live should see whether their program will qualify them for licensure in their home state.

Mental Health Counseling Certifications

Getting various certifications in mental health counseling is a great way for students to further their professional development and showcase their competencies. Here are some certifications mental health counseling program graduates may want to pursue:

National Certified Counselor (NCC) – This respected and widely sought certification, offered by the NBCC, is not a license to practice; however, NCC certification is transferable from state to state and may help in the licensure process.

Certified Clinical Mental Health Counselor (CCMHC) – This is a specialized credential offered through the NBCC to mental health counselors who practice in clinical settings. The exam required for CCMHC certification is also required by some states for licensure.

Diplomate and Clinical Mental Health Specialist – The American Mental Health Counselors Association offers this advanced credential to mental health counselors who have made substantial professional achievements. It requires that applicants be licensed and have significant professional experience, including training and experience in a specialized area of mental health.

Other Counseling Degrees Offered Online

Students who think mental health counseling sounds interesting but aren’t sure that it’s the right degree path for them should check out these related online counseling programs:

Online Addiction Counseling Degree

Students who specifically want to help people work through their various addictions—such as drugs, alcohol, gambling or eating disorders—might consider pursuing an online addiction counseling degree.

Online School Counseling Degree

Those who know want to help students have successful school careers, from elementary through college, are prime candidates for online school counseling degrees.

Online Christian Counseling Degree

Christian counseling may be a good route for those who are motivated by faith and want to help others through faith-based teachings and experiences.

Online Resources for Mental Health Counselors