Mental Health Counselors: Milestone Map
Torn between a desire to help people and a passion for studying the science of the brain, one researcher found the perfect combination with a career in mental health counseling.
Majors in psychology, minors in communications
Obtains master’s in mental health counseling
Takes job at elder care facility working with dementia patients
Earns online PhD in mental health counseling, specializing in gerontology
Conducts several studies on impact of nutrition and lifestyle on dementia
Partners with national clinic to create dementia outreach program.
Mental Health Counseling Degree Programs:
The Online Experience
Most positions in mental health counseling require advanced degrees, which can mean large time investments. Earning a mental health counseling degree online helps ease that burden by providing students with the flexibility to earn their master’s degrees, post-master’s certificates and doctorates when and where it’s convenient for them. This is ideal for practicing counselors who see clients during the day; who don’t live near an institution with a mental health counseling program that suits their needs; or who have other obligations that require a flexible education schedule. Online mental health counseling degree programs may also appeal to students who want to meet the licensure requirements of a state other than the one in which they live, as many programs are built around local licensure needs.
Accredited mental health counseling degree programs offered online often follow the same curricula as on-campus programs, so online students receive the same education as their peers who attend in person, but with added convenience. Students use various learning tools and platforms to access course materials, complete assignments and communicate with classmates and instructors. While many online programs let students log in and do coursework at any time, some may require online group chats or video conferences at specific times. Students may also have to complete a residency during their program. This typically entails going to the program’s physical campus to take a few hands-on classes, so students who are unable to travel to campus should avoid programs with residency requirements. However, students should expect a certain amount of in-person work. Licensure and certification for mental health counselors requires both supervised and unsupervised clinical experience, so it’s common for mental health counseling degree programs to have internships or practicums built into their curricula. For these, students typically gain hands-on experience at a mental health counseling facility approved by the school.
Degree Types in Mental Health Counseling
Very few mental health counseling degrees are offered at the baccalaureate level; instead, students typically pursue their education at the master’s level and beyond. Below are some various degree options students can check out to see what suits their educational and professional needs.
- Education Specialist
- Post-Master’s Certificate
Prospective mental health counseling master’s students can choose from a few different online degree program options. The Master of Arts, Master of Science, and Master of Education programs all have slightly different focuses, to suit varying interests and needs.
A Master of Science in mental health counseling is a good option for students who wish to do psychological research as part of their careers. For example, prospective MS students may have a bachelor’s degree in psychology and want to further their studies through a mental health counseling program. Students can expect to gain knowledge in multicultural issues, ethics, and research skills and theories, along with hands-on experience through practicums or internships. A master’s thesis may also be required.
An online Master of Arts program in mental health counseling is similar, but designed for students of all academic backgrounds. Students may or may not have an interest in becoming licensed practitioners. Core classes may focus less on psychological research, but MA students still can expect to learn many of the same things as MS students – social justice, clinical practice, diagnosis and human development – and may also have to complete a master’s thesis.
Master of Education programs are targeted to those who want to become licensed mental health practitioners. While MEd programs are founded on research-based content, students are less likely to engage in research projects and more likely to focus on hands-on, professional experience. These programs may suit students who wish to practice mental health counseling in an educational institution. A thesis or portfolio may be required for graduation.
Doctoral degrees are for students who want to leverage their master’s degree in mental health counseling or a related field into an advanced professional education. Since doctoral programs are generally designed for practicing mental health counselors, admission often requires that students are hold state licensure.
Online students whose doctoral program is outside their resident state should check to see if they need to be eligible for licensure in the program’s state as well. Students can pursue either a PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) or an EdD (Doctor of Education) in mental health counseling. Those who are interested in scholarly, research-based pursuits may be better suited to the former route, typically undertaken by students who want to go into academia. Those who want to enhance their real-world professional skills, perhaps to take on leadership roles within a mental health organization, may be more interested in EdD programs.
An education specialist degree in mental health counseling is a good option for those who wish to build on a master’s degree without jumping into a doctoral program. EdS degrees are a midway point between master’s and doctoral degrees, allowing students to gain practical, in-depth knowledge in a specialized area. Unlike doctorates, education specialist degrees usually do not require students to complete a dissertation. EdS degrees are typically terminal, and not designed to segue into a doctorate program. However, if students decide to pursue doctoral degrees later on, some of their EdS classes may transfer. Online mental health counseling EdS programs usually require between 30 and 60 credit hours, so completion time can vary greatly.
Online post-master’s certificates can augment a student’s education in a couple of different ways. Some PMC programs provide training in a mental health specialization, helping practicing mental health counselors stand out to potential employers and clients. Often these types of certificates require that students be eligible for licensure before applying to the program. Other PMC programs aim to make students eligible for licensure. Many states require licensure applicants to complete a 60-credit hour master’s degree program in mental health counseling; those who have graduated from a program with fewer required credits can pursue a post-master’s certificate to get the extra credits needed to apply for licensure. Since PMC programs are typically comprised of 12-15 units, students can usually earn their certificates in about a year.
Common Online Mental Health Counseling Courses
Online mental health counseling courses can vary greatly depending on the degree level or specialization sought, but no matter which route they choose, students can expect to get a solid grounding in the theories of counseling and current issues impacting the field. Some common courses include:
Students examine human diversity and cultural issues, especially as they relate to mental health counseling. They learn about social and cultural forces that impact individuals and how to address these issues with clients.
The course addresses potential moral conflicts or tensions that mental health counselors commonly face, looking at the legal and ethical consequences of their decisions and reviewing ethical standards developed by various counseling organizations.
Students hone their knowledge of mental health research methods, including quantitative and qualitative methods of gathering data, and use of statistics for analysis.
Human growth and development
This course focuses on mental health needs during various life stages. Students will learn about the stages of human development and how they factor into diagnosis and treatment.
Students gain hands-on mental health counseling experience, often in a clinical environment. They complete both supervised and unsupervised hours to help meet licensure requirements.
Choosing an Online Counseling Degree Program
When choosing an online mental health counseling program, students can make things easier by identifying the most important factors to them and then making comparisons among programs. Here are some things prospective mental health counseling students can consider when narrowing their options:
- Determine which degree level suits your purposes, and make sure the school offers it at a time that works with your schedule.
- If becoming a licensed counselor is your goal, make sure the academic program meets state licensure requirements.
- Make sure you meet academic prerequisites, such as a minimum GPA, as well as any professional requirements, like a specified number of clinical hours or years of professional experience.
- Ensure that the school and program are accredited.
- Visit target schools, speak with admissions representatives, and seek opinions from current or former students in the program to gain a first-hand perspective.
- Be aware of any in-person internship or practicum requirements, and be sure you can meet them.
- See what kinds of support services, like career placement or tech support, the school offers to online students.
- Check out the school’s financial aid options and see whether you qualify for them.
- Be sure you can afford the program’s tuition and fees.
Mental Health Counseling Program Accreditation
While an optional process, accreditation is particularly important in mental health counseling programs. Students must attend accredited institutions to qualify for federal financial aid, and enrollment in many post-master’s degree programs requires a master’s degree from an accredited institution. Furthermore, the National Board for Certified Counselors states that graduates looking to become National Certified Counselors need to have earned their master’s degrees from accredited institutions.
Accreditation for mental health counseling programs is usually provided by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP), while institutional accreditation is conferred by one of six regional accrediting bodies. Prospective students can learn more about accreditation with this comprehensive accreditation guide, or can check out our main counseling degree page to get information on accredited counseling degree programs.
Master’s in Mental Health Counseling
Preparing for an online master’s degree in mental health counseling can be daunting, but being mindful of important tasks and deadlines can help students start their degree program smoothly. Making a checklist is a useful way to make sure all application deadlines and requirements are met. Below is an example schedule for a prospective mental health counseling master’s student.
||Time Before Program Start Date
Earn bachelor’s degree
|1 year, 3 months
Research state licensure requirements and according degree programs
Request recommendation letters and transcripts, and write personal essay
Apply to desired master’s program(s)
Complete FAFSA®, apply for and secure financial aid such as grants, loans and scholarships
Along with keeping track of significant dates, students can take additional preparatory steps to improve their applications and chances of admission. Some things to consider are:
- Get acquainted with the types of people you hope to work with by volunteering at a relevant organization, like a foster home or elder care facility.
- Join a professional organization that focuses on your area of interest, especially if you plan on specializing in a certain aspect of mental health counseling.
- Even if it’s not your major, take a psychology class or two during your undergraduate years.
- Research organizations that you can approach when it comes time to do a required internship. Many schools have established partnerships with local organizations, but distance learners may have to put in extra effort to find an internship nearby.
Mental Health Counseling: Job Prospects & Salaries
Mental health counseling degrees can lead to a variety of careers, both in mental health and in related counseling fields. Most careers involve relating to people to help them cope with problems affecting their mental health, but the specific types of aid, areas of specialization, and work settings have a wide range.
Job prospects for mental health counselors are very good, with a projected increase of 20 percent between 2014 and 2024. People who earn an online degree in mental health counseling but choose a related career field, like social work, psychology or substance abuse counseling, will likely find favorable markets as well.
||National Job Growth(2014-2024)
||National Median Annual Salary (2014)
|Mental Health Counselors
|Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
State Licensure & Counseling Certifications
In order to become a practicing mental health counselor, graduates of online mental health counseling degree programs must be licensed by the state in which they practice. Additional certifications are optional; they may help prospective mental health counselors gain licensure, and are also a good way for counselors to stand out to employers and clients. Most counseling certifications and licensing examinations are provided by the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC).
Getting Licensed as a Mental Health Counselor
Licensure requirements for professional mental health counselors vary by state, but all follow some basic regulations. Those applying for licensure must have a master’s degree, counseling experience, and a passing score on either the National Counselor Examination for Licensure and Certification (NCE) or the National Clinical Mental Health Counseling Examination (NCMHCE). Students should check with their state board to determine specific requirements. Also, students attending programs in states outside the one in which they live should see whether their program will qualify them for licensure in their home state.
Mental Health Counseling Certifications
Getting various certifications in mental health counseling is a great way for students to further their professional development and showcase their competencies. Here are some certifications mental health counseling program graduates may want to pursue:
National Certified Counselor (NCC) – This respected and widely sought certification, offered by the NBCC, is not a license to practice; however, NCC certification is transferable from state to state and may help in the licensure process.
Certified Clinical Mental Health Counselor (CCMHC) – This is a specialized credential offered through the NBCC to mental health counselors who practice in clinical settings. The exam required for CCMHC certification is also required by some states for licensure.
Diplomate and Clinical Mental Health Specialist – The American Mental Health Counselors Association offers this advanced credential to mental health counselors who have made substantial professional achievements. It requires that applicants be licensed and have significant professional experience, including training and experience in a specialized area of mental health.
Other Counseling Degrees Offered Online
Students who think mental health counseling sounds interesting but aren’t sure that it’s the right degree path for them should check out these related online counseling programs:
Online Addiction Counseling Degree
Students who specifically want to help people work through their various addictions—such as drugs, alcohol, gambling or eating disorders—might consider pursuing an online addiction counseling degree.
Online School Counseling Degree
Those who know want to help students have successful school careers, from elementary through college, are prime candidates for online school counseling degrees.
Online Christian Counseling Degree
Christian counseling may be a good route for those who are motivated by faith and want to help others through faith-based teachings and experiences.
Online Resources for Mental Health Counselors